Category : Reports

Fiscal Analysis of Federal Pay Equity

To assist parliamentarians in their role to scrutinize the raising and spending of public monies, this report provides an overview of the spending measures associated with the Government of Canada’s proactive pay equity regime within the federal public and private sectors.

Supplementary Estimates (B) 2020-21

This note presents a detailed analysis of the Government’s second supplementary estimates for the 2020-21 fiscal year, which seeks Parliament’s approval of $20.9 billion.

Discretionary Mandatory Minimum Penalties for Murder

This report was prepared at the request of Senator Kim Pate. It estimates the impact of a proposed bill in the Senate, S-207, on sentencing for murder and the cost implications of those changes for the Correctional Service of Canada.

Cost Estimate for Bill C-7 “Medical Assistance in Dying”

This report responds to a request from a Senator to estimate the financial cost of Bill C-7, which broadens eligibility for medical assistance in dying.

Carbon pricing for the Paris target: Closing the gap with output-based pricing

This report updates and extends PBO’s analysis of the additional carbon pricing needed to achieve Canada’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions target in 2030 under the Paris Agreement.

We provide an updated estimate based on a broad carbon levy and extend our analysis to incorporate additional carbon pricing using an Output-Based Pricing System (OBPS), taking into consideration alternative structures. Estimates of the corresponding impacts on the Canadian economy are also provided.

Estimating the Return of Additional Federal Spending on Business Tax Compliance

This report analyses the relationship between federal spending and additional tax revenues generated through business compliance programs since 2015-16 and estimates how changes in funding might affect future revenues.

Cost estimate of a federal dental care program for uninsured Canadians

In response to a request based on a motion from Mr. Don Davies (Vancouver Kingsway), this report estimates the cost of establishing a Federal dental care program for uninsured Canadians with a total household income below $90,000 as of January 1, 2021.

The Innovation Superclusters Initiative – A Preliminary Analysis

Budget 2017 earmarked $918 million over five years for the Innovation Superclusters Initiative (ISI). The federal money will assist with the creation of five “superclusters” across Canada, where the public and private sectors will undertake collaborative research. The Government projects that this initiative will lead to the creation of 50,000 jobs, increase GDP by $50 billion over 10 years, and accelerate innovation. 
Federal funding is expected to be matched by contributions from non-federal entities, including the private sector, universities and other levels of government. Non-federal partners have announced $1,087 million over the same five-year period.
Data shared by the Government as of March 6, 2020 indicate that actual spending is lagging the original budget.  The Government originally anticipated that it would have spent $104 million (or 11% of its total budget) by that point. In comparison, only $30 million was spent (29% of the original projection).

Crown corporations’ COVID-19 liquidity support

This report summarizes the federal package of COVID-19 liquidity support programs provided through five federal Crown corporations. PBO estimates total liquidity supports through August 2020, and highlights gaps in publicly-available risk metrics for these supports.

Economic and Fiscal Outlook – September 2020

This report provides a baseline projection to help parliamentarians gauge potential economic and fiscal outcomes under current policy settings. PBO’s outlook is not a prediction of future economic and budgetary outcomes.

This report incorporates announced federal budgetary measures up to and including 1 September 2020. Financial results for fiscal year 2019-20 shown in this report are PBO estimates and not final Public Accounts results.