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PBO Staff


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Parliamentary Budget Officer

Jean-Denis Fréchette

Jean-Denis Fréchette was appointed by the Governor in Council to serve as Parliamentary Budget Officer (PBO), effective September 3, 2013.

An economist with the Library of Parliament since 1986, Jean-Denis was recently Senior Director of the Economics, Resources and International Affairs Division of the Library’s Parliamentary Information and Research Service. During his career at the Library, Mr. Fréchette has led and supervised research and analysis activities to support the professional needs of individual parliamentarians and some 40 standing committees, in both Houses of Parliament.

Mr. Fréchette was educated at the Université de Montréal where he obtained a Bachelor of Science degree in economics. He also earned a Master of Science degree in economics specializing in public finance, regional development and international trade.

PBO Staff

Mostafa Askari

Mostafa Askari is Assistant PBO. He is responsible for leading the development and management of a centre of expertise engaged in providing information, expert advice and analysis on emerging and current trends and the outlook regarding the national economy and the finances of the federal government. He is further responsible for developing and preparing regular reports and other documents related to economic and fiscal matters and developing responses to queries from parliamentarians and parliamentary committees on national economic and fiscal issues.

Mostafa came to the PBO from Health Canada where he held the position of Director General, Applied Research and Analysis. He previously held a number of positions at the Federal Department of Finance, including; Senior Chief, Economic Analysis; Chief, International Policy Analysis; Chief, Economic Forecasting and Chief, Model Development and Policy Analysis. He also served as a senior advisor to Canada's Executive Director at the International Monetary Fund, worked at the Conference Board of Canada and taught economics at Trent University.

Mostafa has a PhD. in economics from Queen's University.

Philip Bagnoli

Prior to joining the PBO, Philip was a Senior Economist with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in both the Environment Directorate for 6 years and the Economics Department for 8 years.  Before that Philip had been with the Economic Studies and Policy Analysis Division at the Department of Finance for 5 years, and the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC for 5 years. He has also done brief stints at the Bank of Canada and started his career in the private sector with Shell Oil. 

Philip holds a PhD in economics from the University of Toronto, and an Honours BSc in Computer Science from the University of Western Ontario.


Erin Barkel

Erin Barkel is a Financial Analyst on the Expenditure and Revenue Analysis team. Before joining the PBO, Erin was an Analyst at the Treasury Board Secretariat, providing policy advice on Investment Plans and Projects.

Erin has a BASc in Industrial Engineering from the University of Toronto and an MBA from the Ted Rogers School of Management at Ryerson University. She is currently a candidate in the PhD in Management program at the Sprott School of Business at Carleton University.

Patricia Brown

Patricia Brown is the administrative coordinator for the PBO. She has worked in various administrative capacities over the years and has spent more than 25 years working on Parliament Hill.

Scott Cameron

Scott Cameron is the Fiscal Manager of the PBO.  Scott came from the Ontario Ministry of Finance, where he was Senior Tax Policy/Data Analyst with the Corporate and Commodity Taxation Branch.  Previously he was employed with the UK Government Economic Service in the Knowledge, Analysis, and Intelligence (KAI) directorate serving HM Revenue & Customs and HM Treasury.  

Scott has an MSc in economics from the University of Edinburgh, an Honours BA in economics from Wilfrid Laurier University, and has studied physics and mathematics at Birkbeck, University of London and computer science at the University of Toronto.  

Jason Jacques

Jason Jacques is the Director of Fiscal Analysis. Prior to joining the PBO, he worked with various departments of the Government of Canada, including the Privy Council Office, Finance Canada, Treasury Board Secretariat and Bank of Canada.

Jason holds an MA in economics from Queen's University, is a Chartered Professional Accountant (CMA), and a Chartered Financial Analyst Charter holder.

Helen Lao

Helen Lao is an Economic Analyst on the Economic and Fiscal Analysis team. Prior to joining PBO, Helen worked as a Teaching Assistant at the University of Toronto while completing her Master’s degree in Economics. She has conducted research on the Universal Child Care Benefit program (published by the University of British Columbia in 2010), immigration, international trade and economic development.

Helen has an MA in economics from the University of Toronto and a BA in Economics and Political Science with a minor in International Relations from the University of British Columbia.

Duncan MacDonald

Duncan MacDonald is a Financial Analyst with the PBO.  Duncan has held various analytical positions in private business, working in the reinsurance (FlagstoneRE) and renewable energy (Brookfield Renewable Energy) industries.

Duncan  obtained an MSc. (Statistics) from Acadia University and is currently pursuing part time studies towards an MA (Economics) at Carleton University.

Carleigh Malanik

Carleigh Malanik is a Financial Analyst on the Expenditure and Revenue Analysis team.  Prior to joining PBO, Carleigh worked as an economist at Health Canada within the Applied Research and Analysis Directorate.  Previously she was employed with the Rural Secretariat at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, providing analysis on issues facing Canada’s rural and urban areas. 

Carleigh holds an MA in Economics from McMaster University, and from the University of Manitoba an Honours BA in Economics and a BA in History. 

Chris Matier

Chris Matier is Senior Director of Economic and Fiscal Analysis and Forecasting.  Prior to re-joining PBO in November 2014, Chris worked at the Bank of Canada as a Research Advisor in the Canadian Economic Analysis Department.  Chris was Senior Director at PBO from August 2008 to August 2013 and previously worked for 14 years at the Department of Finance Canada in the Economic and Fiscal Policy Branch, serving as Senior Chief in the Economic Analysis and Forecasting Division prior to joining PBO.  

Chris has a Master's degree and an Honours BA in Economics from Queen's University.

Tim Scholz

Tim Scholz is an Economic Analyst on the Economic and Fiscal Analysis Team. Prior to joining the PBO, Tim worked at Finance Canada on international policy analysis and economic development.

Tim holds an MA in economics from the University of Guelph and a BSc (honours) in economics from the University of Windsor.

Jocelyne Scrim

Jocelyne Scrim is an administrative assistant who joined the PBO in July 2010.   Over the past 25 years she has worked in administrative positions including municipal, non-profit, private sector business and academic environments.   

Trevor Shaw

Trevor Shaw is a Financial Analyst on the Economic and Fiscal Analysis Team.  Prior to joining the PBO, Trevor worked at the Privy Council Office, Finance Canada, the Treasury Board Secretariat, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 

Trevor holds an MA in economics from the University of British Columbia, a BA (honours) in economics from the University of Winnipeg, and is a Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA).

Rod Story

Rod Story is a Financial Advisor-Analyst on the Expenditure and Revenue Analysis team. He joined the PBO after completing his PhD and MBA. Prior to returning to school he worked for over 20 years in telecommunications as a manager, software architect and designer. He has worked for both large and small firms and has co-founded several start-ups. He has been awarded four patents for his designs. 

Rod has a PhD in Management (Finance) and MBA from Carleton University and a BASc from the University of Waterloo.

Peter Weltman


Peter Weltman is  Senior Director, Costing and Program Analysis. Peter has over 25 years of experience in business management and investment analysis. He is the President of the Canadian Chapter of  the International Association of Cost Estimating and Analysis (ICEEA). Within the government, Peter has held positions of varying degrees of responsibility with Industry Canada, Agriculture and Agri-food Canada, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC) and the Treasury Board Secretariat. Peter came to the PBO from HRSDC, where he assisted in the development and implementation of an investment management process to undertake due diligence on large departmental investments, and prior to that, worked with an analytical team at the Treasury Board Secretariat engaged in the due diligence and oversight of major government-wide projects and fiscal pressures. Prior to joining the federal government, Peter spent a number of years as an investment analyst and financial advisor and has extensive experience in small business management, having held a variety of positions with a locally-owned food retailer.

Peter has an Honours BA in Political Science from the University of Western Ontario, and an MBA from the University of Ottawa.


Tolga Yalkin

Tolga Yalkin is General Counsel and Director of Policy to the Parliamentary Budget Officer (PBO) and teaches constitutional law at uOttawa. His career has spanned diverse fields, from quantitative to legal, including corporate finance, defence procurement, public sector policy, and public law.

He is published in peer-reviewed journals covering law, government, and analytics and has led a number of high profile reports of the Parliamentary Budget Officer, ranging from a cost estimate of the F-35 fighter program to the cost of criminal justice in Canada.

He has taught in Canada, Australia, and at Oxford. He holds a Bachelor of Commerce (Hons) from the University of British Columbia, a Bachelor of Laws (Hons) from the University of Sydney, a Master of Laws and a Master of Philosophy in Law from Oxford, is a Certified Parametric Practitioner by the International Cost Estimating and Analysis Association, is a Certified Privacy Professional (CIPP/C) by the International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP), and is a member of the Recruitment of Policy Leaders Program.